This review is part of the Cameras of the Dead series which I have been publishing every year on Halloween and “Halfway to” Halloween, featuring three cameras that I’ve wanted to review that either didn’t work, or was otherwise unable to shoot.
I am republishing each of those individual reviews this October in anticipation of this Halloween’s Cameras of the Dead post as a way to revisit the cameras of the past that allows them to be properly indexed on the site.
This is a Canon T90, a professional quality 35mm SLR camera made by Canon Inc. between the years 1986 to 1998. At the time of it’s release, it was Canon’s top of the line SLR in their T-series and the most advanced manual focus FD-mount Canon camera ever made. It was a well featured camera loaded with state of the art technology and was very popular with professional photographers. Built to a very high level of quality, it was nicknamed as “the tank” by Japanese photojournalists because of it’s heft and durability. Although an extremely well made camera, it had one technological flaw which didn’t show up until about 20 or so years after it was made, which causes the shutter to fail in nearly all examples of the camera, producing an EEE error message in the LCD.
Film Type: 135 (35mm)
Lens: 50mm f/1.4 Canon Lens coated 6-elements
Lens Mount: Canon FL/FD Breech Lock Bayonet
Viewfinder: Fixed Pentaprism Reflex with interchangeable viewing screens, and dual LED/LCD readout
Shutter: Vertically Traveling Electronic Shutter
Speeds: B, 30 – 1/4000 seconds, Stepless, Manually selectable in 1/2 stops
Exposure Meter: Silicon Photo Cell w/ 3 metering patterns
Battery: (4) AA Alkaline/NiCD/NiMH 1.5v batteries
Flash: Hot shoe with 1/250 Flash Sync
Weight: 1190 grams (w/ lens), 887 grams (body only)
Sales Brochure: https://www.pacificrimcamera.com/rl/00285/00285.pdf
In the vintage camera world, there are cameras that have a reputation for extreme reliability. Models that assuming they were not horribly abused throughout their lives almost always still work. Kodak Brownies, Argus C3s, Nikon Fs, and Minolta SRTs are a couple such examples.
On the other end of the spectrum, there are those that almost always have problems. Whether it’s due to shoddy craftsmanship, an overly complicated design, or the planned obsolescence of electronics, these examples are almost never found in good working order.
This is about a camera from that latter group, the Canon T90.
The biggest shame about this, is that when in working condition, the Canon T90 is an absolute beast of a camera. It was a state of the art professional model that with the exception of auto focus, could do everything a photographer in the 1980s could ever imagine.
Advertised as a “dream camera”, the T90 featured 3 different electronic motors, one of which offered 4.5 fps continuous shooting, a top 1/4000 second shutter speed, a high-speed 1/250 second flash synchronization, three metering modes with multi-point spot metering, an advanced viewfinder with 7-segment LED display, and a bevy of other options. The camera was big, it was heavy, and it was expensive. Selling for $599 body only, which when adjusted for inflation is about $1400 today, the Canon T90 was the most expensive manual focus camera Canon ever offered until that point.
But therein lied it’s biggest flaw. Canon wanted to include so much technology in the camera as they possibly could, but unfortunately, they did it at a time when compact electronics were still quite primitive. Canon used a lot of cutting edge stuff in the T90 that has not aged well.
Like any electronic camera, the camera is sensitive to shock, moisture, and extreme temperatures. But beyond that, it had one problem that nearly every example seems to suffer from today, which is the dreaded “EEE” message on the camera’s top LCD. While this message could mean one of a variety of faults with the camera, it usually has to do with some kind of solenoid beneath the reflex mirror that controls some part of the shutter (if I’m sounding exceptionally vague here, it’s because I still don’t completely understand the problem).
I found several “hacks” online for repairing the T90 in which you could use a strong magnet and place it next to some solenoid inside of the camera to demagnetize some part of the camera that would magically fix it. This required removal of a small piece of plastic trim around the front of the camera. It was easy enough to do, so I figured what do I have to lose?
I’ll just skip to the part where I tell you the “magnet hack” didn’t work. I used everything from simple refrigerator magnets to rare earth neodymium magnets from disassembled hard drives and I still kept getting the HELP message.
Then I found one more suggestion, which was to simply bang the camera on a hard surface until it started working. I thought “what the hell” and gave it shot! To my surprise, after a few very firm whacks on my basement floor, the camera started working! I could fire the shutter at every speed!
I fixed it! I was super pumped that I could finally shoot this wonderful T90, but it was close to midnight when I got it working, so I set it on the table to take it out the next day…
…and it was broke again. It would seem the ‘banging it on the floor’ method only works temporarily. I repeated my “repair” about half a dozen more times, repeatedly hitting it harder and harder, each time getting the shutter to work for maybe 5-10 minutes, but any longer than that and it returned to it’s previous EEE state.
I shelved this first Canon T90 and ended up finding another shortly after, but that one too, was broke. Oddly, it neither displayed the EEE or HELP messages, but rather just would never fire the shutter no matter what I did to it. With a sense of defeat, I threw the two T90s into a box and placed them in my “Camera Graveyard of Doom”, aka, my basement for it’s inclusion here in the 6th incantation of Cameras of the Dead.
If this had been a working camera, I’d have a complete historical look at the camera, it’s success, how it’s used and some sample pics I got from it, but that’ll never happen, and frankly, with the reputation the camera has, even if I had an opportunity to pick up another, I likely wouldn’t so here is a quick gallery of what the camera looks like and how it might have worked.
I’ll start with the viewfinder as it’s one of my favorite parts of the camera. Using a red 7-segment LED display straight out of Canon’s earlier A-1, the display within the viewfinder reminds me of one of those hand held Mattel football games that I had as a kid. Although it looks cool, it likely seemed dated compared to back lit LCD displays that were becoming more and more common with SLRs by the mid 1980s.
Curiously, along the right side of the display is a back lit LCD display that is used as the exposure metering display. Although the T90 offers full program auto exposure, you can manually set aperture, shutter speed, or both while still taking a light reading using this display. The display itself works fine, but it is a completely different color and looks strangely out of place compared to the bright red LED display along the bottom.
The top plate is uncluttered with two mode buttons that work in conjunction with a selector wheel on the camera’s right side between the LCD and shutter release. This being a camera aimed at the professional photographer, there is no integrated flash, rather you have a hot shoe with the necessary connections that when connected to a Canon Speedlite 300TL, offers all the latest TTL flash metering modes. When powered on, the LCD shows all pertinent information you would expect to see from a pro SLR’s top screen. The back of the camera has even more buttons, both above and below the film back. The back is removable so that you can attach a couple different data backs that were available. The film compartment is very modern and shows connections for DX detection, and is fully automatic. When loading in a new film cassette, extend the leader out to the orange mark, close the door, and the camera does the rest.
If you didn’t know better, judging by the T90s very 1986-esque design with lots of plastic and rounded corners, you would be forgiven for assuming this was an auto focus camera that uses Canon’s later EOS mount, but no, it was Canon’s venerable FD mount’s last hurrah, a fully manual focus camera that accepted every single FL/FD mount lens that came before it. When I acquired this T90, it came body only, so I mounted this 50mm f/1.4 S.S.C. lens which was a type that likely would have been used on it.
The side of the camera reveals a door which when held open, reveals several of the camera’s lesser used buttons, such as those for manually rewinding the film, battery check, self timer, and a viewfinder illumination switch. Keeping these lesser used buttons out of the way behind a door was a smart choice in keeping the top plate as uncluttered as possible.
I think it’s rather curious that Canon named this camera the T90, including it in their T-series of cameras with the T50 and T70 (I am excluding the T60 as it wasn’t available upon the T90’s release and it wasn’t even made by Canon), this camera looks nothing like those other models, and is significantly more advanced. I have to imagine a customer walking into a camera store in 1986 likely would have been confused upon seeing all three T-series models side by side by side as the T90 was clearly in a different league, both feature wise and price wise from the other two.
It’s obvious to me that at one time the T90 was a fantastic camera, and in good working condition, would still be today. It’s a very solidly built camera with excellent ergonomics, a great shutter and metering system, uses every FD/FL mount lens available, and has nearly every feature you could possibly want in an SLR camera.
Sadly, the Canon T90 has the unfortunate distinction of being released at a time when a lot of new and innovative technology was being put into cameras for the first time, but that same technology was never intended to stay working 3+ decades later. Is it reasonable to expect any electronic camera to work for such a long time? Probably not, but when you can regularly pick up a 60 year old Nikon F or an 80 year old Leica and it still works fine, but something built within my lifetime is no longer usable, it’s a little disappointing.
The Canon T90 was a triumph of technology when it was first released, and people back then had a right to be excited. When the camera was first released, the photographic press was quick to publish detailed reviews of the camera. Here are two in depth looks at the Canon T90, both from the February 1986 issues of Popular and Modern Photography.
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